The Kalonymus Family
from Lucca, Tuscany, Italy
c.620


Other spellings of the surname include Kalonymos and Klonymus.


  • Kalonymos or Kalonymus (Hebrew: קלונימוס‎) is a prominent Jewish family originally from Lucca, Italy, which, after the settlement at Mainz and Speyer of several of its members, took during many generations a leading part in the development of Jewish learning in Germany. The family is according to many considered the foundation of Hachmei and Hasidei Ashkenaz.
  • Kalonymos family - Wikipedia
  • Kalonymus - The Jewish Encyclopedia
  • Kalonymus, TheVirtual Jewish Library
  • Miriam ha Kedosha Queen of Zion

  • The earliest Klonymus family records begin with Rabbenu Meshulam: information taken from a tree on the Geni web site managed by Meir Barak (Berkowicz).

    Flag of Tuscany
    Flag of Tuscany
    Coat of arms of Lucca

  • Lucca (Italian pronunciation: [ˈlukka]) is a city and comune in Tuscany, Central Italy, situated on the river Serchio in a fertile plain near the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the capital city of the province of Lucca. Among other reasons, it is famous for its intact Renaissance-era city walls.
  • Lucca was founded by the Etruscans (there are traces of a pre-existing Ligurian settlement) and became a Roman colony in 180 BC. The rectangular grid of its historical centre preserves the Roman street plan, and the Piazza San Michele occupies the site of the ancient forum. Traces of the amphitheatre can still be seen in the Piazza dell'Anfiteatro.
  • At the Lucca Conference, in 56 BC, Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus reaffirmed their political alliance known as the First Triumvirate.
  • Frediano, an Irish monk, was bishop of Lucca in the early 6th century. At one point, Lucca was plundered by Odoacer, the first Germanic King of Italy. Lucca was an important city and fortress even in the 6th century, when Narses besieged it for several months in 553. Under the Lombards, it was the seat of a duke who minted his own coins. The Holy Face of Lucca (or Volto Santo), a major relic supposedly carved by Nicodemus, arrived in 742. During the 8th - 10th centuries it was a center of Jewish life, led by the Kalonymos family (who at some point during this period migrated to Germany and became a major component of proto-Ashkenazic Jewry). It became prosperous through the silk trade that began in the 11th century, and came to rival the silks of Byzantium. During the 10–11th centuries Lucca was the capital of the feudal margraviate of Tuscany, more or less independent but owing nominal allegiance to the Holy Roman Emperor.
  • Lucca was the birthplace of Todros Moshe ben Yosef HaLevi ABULAFIA.


  • Lucca from the Torre Guinigi

    Piazza Amfiteatro

     

    44th. Generation
     
    • Rabbenu Meshulam
    39th. Great Grandfather
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    c.620/680
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

     
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    • unknown
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    • Child:
    38GGF
     

    43rd. Generation
     
    • Yehuda ben Meshulam KLONYMUS of Lombardia
    38th. Great Grandfather
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    660
    Lombardia, Italy
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Rabbenu Meshulam
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    38th. Great Grandmother
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    c.664
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

    • Children:
    37GGF
     
     
    The House of KLONYMUS
  • 39 Rabbenu Meshulam c.620/680
  • 38 Yehuda KLONYMUS of Lombardia ben Meshulam b.660, Lombardia, Italy
  • 37 unknown son KLONYMUS ben Yehuda b.685
  • 36 Meshulam KLONYMUS ben unknown son ben Yehuda b.720
  • 35 "HaGaon of Lucca" KLONYMUS ben Meshulam b.765, Lucca, Toscana, Italy d. Lombardy, Italy
  • 34 Itiel KLONYMUS ben "HaGaon of Lucca" b.810, Lucca, Toscana, Italy d.870, Mainz, Rheinland-Pfalz
  • 33 Klonimus Klonymides & bat Rabbi Joseph Hazaken - Rabbi Joseph Hazaken ben Shimon
  • 32 Meshulam "the Great" Kalonymos b.900
  • 31 Rabbi Abun HaChassid HaGadol Klonymus & bat Shimon of Mancha from Lucca Klonymus
  • 30 Yehoshua Bar Kalonymus (Klonymus)
  • 29 Yitzhak Nathan HaGadol Kalonymos HaLevi
  • 28 Eliezer ben Nathan HaGadol Klonymus & Chana Bat Yoel Yoel=Eliakim ben Yosef HaGadol
    - Yosef HaGadol Klonymus ben Rabbi Abun HaChassid HaGadol Klonymus & bat Shimon of Mancha from Lucca Klonymus
  • 27 Yitzchak bar Eliezer
  • 26 Kalonymus "HaZaken" ben Yitzhak II
  • 25 Kalonymus V 'Yehudah Nathan' ben Todros
  • 24 Todros ben Kalonymus (Abulafia?) Nasi of Provence
  • 23 Yosef ben Me'ir (Abulafia)
  • 22 Todros Moshe ben Yosef HaLevi Abulafia

  • 28th. Generation
     
    • Yosef ben Me'ir (ABULAFIA)
    23rd. Great Grandfather
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    Todros ben Kalonymus (ABULAFIA) Nasi of Provence
    should br Me'ir
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    • unknown
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    • Child:
    22GGF
     

    Next Generation
    see The Abulafia Family




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