The Senior Coronel & Saraiva Family
from Segovia, Castilla y Leon, Spain
c.1386


  • The family crest above is of Spanish origin.

  • Coat of Arms of Segovia

  • Segovia is the capital of the province of the same name in the autonomous community of Castile and Leon.
  • Segovia is a Celtic name. Under Roman and Moorish rule, the city was called Segovia and Šiqūbiyyah (Arabic) respectively. The Celtic name probably means "fortress" or "castle".
  • The surname Senior has also been spelled as Seneor.

  •  

    22nd. Generation
     
    Patriarch SENIOR
    16th. Great Grandfather
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    c.1386
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    unknown SENIOR
    unknown
     

    Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    c.1411
     
     

    unknown
    16th. Great Grandmother
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    c.1390
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    unknown
    unknown
     

    Children:
    15GGF/A/U
      1. Don Abraham SENIOR CORONEL married
        1. Violante de CABRERA
        2. Maria SANCHEZ del RIO

      2. Joao PEREZ CORONEL alias Joao de LEAO CORONEL married
        • Maria de CASTRO alias Maria de LEAO

      3. Shlomo SENIOR

      4. Alonso Ramirez SENIOR

      5. Mosen Pablo
        Died: 1535

      6. Alonso Lopez SENIOR

      7. Clamente Lopez SENIOR

      8. Reina SENIOR married
     

    21st. Generation

     
    Don Abraham SENIOR CORONEL
    15th. Great Grandfather
    alias: Fernando PEREZ CORONEL or Fernando NUNEZ CORONEL
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of baptism:
    Place of baptism:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    14 Oct 1412
    Segovia, Castile, Spain
    15 Jun 1492
    Santa Maria de Guadalupe, Spain
    1493/1496
     
     
    Monstario del Faral, Spain
     
    Court rabbi of Castile, and royal tax-farmer-in-chief
    Patriarch SENIOR
    unknown

    Signature of Abraham Senior

    1st. Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    c.1436
     
     

    1. Dona Violante de CABRERA
    *16th. Great Grandmother
    (There is a daughter of the Count of Prades with the same name who had built the gothic fountain at Blanes, Costa Brava, Spain in the late 14th century.)
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    c.1425
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    assumed daughter of Pedro Lopez de MADRID y LOPEZ
    Maria Alonso de CABRERA y AVILES CASTILLO
     

    Children of first marriage:
    15GGF/14GGA/U
      1. David SENIOR alias Joao PEREZ CORONEL married
        • Cataline del RIO [? ABULAFIA]

      2. Inigo 'Abraham' PEREZ CORONEL al CAMERERO married
        1. Dona Maria
        2. Guiomar 'Tristao' MENDES del RIO

      3. Constanca 'Abraham' CORONEL married
        • Tomaz da VEIGA

      4. Apolonia 'Abraham' CORONEL married
        • Leonardo VIZINHO de FROME

      5. Francisca 'Abraham' CORONEL married
        • Alonso PEREZ

      6. Solomon SENIOR alias Juan PEREZ CORONEL
     

    2nd. Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    est. 1447
     
     

    1. Dona Maria SANCHES del RIO ABULAFIA
    15th. Great Grandmother
    assumed sister of Rabbi Meir MELAMED alias Fernando PEREZ CORONEL or Fernando NUNEZ CORONEL
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Abraham ben Me'ir HaLevi ABULAFIA
    unknown
     

    Children of second marriage:
    14GGM/A/U
      1. Reina 'Abraham SENIOR CORONEL married her uncle
        • Meir MELAMED CORONEL ABULAFIA
          alias Fernando PEREZ CORONEL or Fernando NUNEZ CORONEL
          These aliases conflict with those of Abraham SENIOR CORONEL - see above.

      2. Fero Nunez 'Abraham' SENIOR CORONEL

      3. unknown daughter 'Abraham' SENIOR CORONEL married
        • Dahan Yehuda (Vda) BAKISH (VAQUIX)

      4. Francesco Hernandes (Fernandes) 'Abraham' SENIOR CORONEL

      5. Louis Nunez 'Abraham' SENIOR CORONEL married
        • Isabel OSORIO

      6. Tomas Nunez 'Abraham' SENIOR CORONEL
     

      NOTES:
        There is a confilct of information between the details that I originally recorded and that available on the internet.

        1. Cataline or Catalina del RIO is shown in my original files as being the wife of Juan PEREZ CORONEL, son of Abraham SENIOR.
          • Other sources show her as the first wife of Juan BRAVO de MENDOZA.

        2. The wife of Juan BRAVO de MENDOZA is originally recorded as Maria, daughter of Inigo LOPES CORONEL al CAMERERO, son of Abraham SENIOR.
          • Other sources show Maria, a daughter of Abraham Senior, as being the second wife of Juan BRAVO de MENDOZA.


    Don Abraham SENIOR CORONEL Court rabbi of Castile, and royal tax-farmer-in-chief; born in Segovia in the early part of the fifteenth century;
    *a near relative of the influential Andreas de Cabrera. On account of his wealth, intelligence, and aristocratic bearing he was in such favor with the Castilian grandees that he (1469) succeeded in bringing about the marriage of the Infanta (later, Queen) Isabella to Ferdinand of Aragon. Some years later (1473) he effected a reconciliation between Isabella and her brother, Henry IV. of Castile. The queen, whose confidence Senior enjoyed, granted him, in token of her gratitude for the services he had rendered her, a life pension of 100,000 maravedis, which in 1480 was confirmed at the instance of Hernando do Talavera, her confessor.

    *The first wife of Abraham Senior was Violante de Cabrera and I assume that she was sister to the above mentioned Andreas de Cabrera making him his brother-in-law which is a fairly "near relative".LL Andreas and his wife, Beatriz Fernandez de Bobadilla, who was a friend and confidant of Queen Isabella, were later awarded the title of Marquis of Moya. Documentation exsists indicating Andreas' "concern" regarding his family's conversion; how exactly is not clear but obviously his family is of Jewish descent.

  • Senior received also the royal appointment of "rab do la corte" (court rabbi—for which office, however, he, like many of his predecessors, lacked the proper qualifications) and of tax-farmer-in-chief. He was so highly respected by the grandees that in 1480 the Cortes of Toledo presented him with 50,000 maravedis from the revenues collected through his agency. In the farming of the royal taxes he associated himself with Isaac Abravanel, who soon became his intimate friend. During the war between Castile and the last king of the Moors, especially in the conquest of Granada, Senior rendered the Spanish army valuable services as factor-general.

  • His interest in his persecuted coreligionists was an active one. It was through his efforts that the Jews of Castile raised a large sum to ransom those of their own faith who had been taken prisoners at the capture of Malaga. He is said, however, to have sold the jewelry belonging to the captive women, and to have added the proceeds to the ransom-money. When the decree expelling the Jews from Spain (March 31, 1492) had become generally known, Senior, together with Isaac Abravanel, hastened to the queen imploring her to spare them. He was not heeded, however, and was weak enough to yield to the queen's request that he desert his brethren. On June 15, 1492, he and his son were baptized in Valladolid, the king and queen and the primate of Spain acting as sponsors. He then assumed the name "Ferrad [Fernando] Perez Coronel." R. David Messer Leon alludes to him in his comment on the appointment of a court rabbi of Castile "who lacked knowledge, and fear of God—'kemo shehokiaḥ sofo 'al teḥillato,'" as his end proved (see the responsum of David Leon in "R. E. J." xxiv. 135). With Senior was baptized the rabbi Meïr, who was, according to Bernaldez ("Historia de los Reyes Católicos," p. 336, Seville, 1870), his father-in-law, or, according to Elijah Capsali (see "Liḳḳuṭim Shonim," ed. Lattes, p. 73, Padua, 1869), his brother-in-law. (The Jewish Encyclopedia)
    As his daughter, Reina, was married to Rabbi Meir MELAMED. That would make him his son-in-law. If Abraham's wife was, as suggested, the sister of Rabbi Meir it would also make him his brother-in-law.LL

  • According to Professor Haim Beinart in 'The Expulsion of the Jews from Spain' (p. 420), Don Abraham Senior was referred to, in a letter of 1487 from the Jews of Castile to the Jews of Rome and Lombardy as 'the Exilarch who is over us'*. 'Exilarch' means 'Prince of the Captivity' or 'Head of the Exile'** (that is, de jure King of the Jews in exile), a title dating from the Babylonian Exile of 597-538 BC which appears to have survived in Mesopotamia until Tamerlane the Great sacked Baghdad in 1401. The title was hereditary in and exclusive to the House of David (see II Kings xxv. 27 and I Chronicles iii. 17 et seq.) but was elective amongst the immediate male members of that family and subject to rabbinic approval. Given the fact that the title appears never to have been accorded to (or used to describe) anyone not acknowledged by rabbinic authorities to be of Davidic descent, and that the misuse of such a title would have been most unlikely, it is reasonable to infer that Don Abraham was descended from one of those branches of the House of David that have been traced to Spain (see the Jewish Encyclopaedia) and that the title was accorded to him in an attempt to revive the Exilarchate after it had ceased to be recognised in Mesopotamia, as happened in Egypt in 1081. (Graham Senior-Milne)

  • The details of the life and times of Don Abraham SENIOR CORONEL are readily accessible on the internet and the following links will provide some additional information to those interested.
  • The Jewish Encyclopedia (Isaac ABRAVANEL)
  • The Happy Warrior (Lineage)
  • The Happy Warrior (Origins)
  • Society for Crypto Judaic Studies
  • Rougeknights
  • History of Jews in Brazil
  • History and photographs of Segovia, Castile, Spain
  • Capilla del Descendimiento (where members of the Coronel family are interred).


    Roman Aqueduct, Segovia, Spain

  • Segovia from Alcazar

    From the Jewish Chronicle - 13 Aug 2010.

    20th. Generation
     
    Joao 'Abraham' SENIOR alias David SENIOR
    15th. Great Grandfather
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    c.1445
     
    1504/5
     
     
     
     
     
    Don Abraham SENIOR alias Fernan PEREZ CORONEL
    Violante de CABRERA

    Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    c.1470
     
     

    Cataline del RIO [? ABULAFIA]
    15th. Great Grandmother
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    est.1449
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    unknown del RIO [? ABULAFIA]
    unknown
     

    Children:
    14GGF/A/U
     

    NOTES:
      May be same person as:
    • Juan PEREZ CORONEL alias Solomon 'Abraham' SENIOR
        Mayor of Segovia, 1495 (Coren p. 19)
    • SENIOR, SOLOMON (16th century), Marrano notable. Descended from Abraham *Seneor, the last crown rabbi of Castile, who converted to Christianity, Solomon Senior was born a Marrano under the name Juan Perez and is said to have become governor of Segovia. He later escaped to *Turkey, where he adopted Judaism and entered the service of Joseph Nasi, duke of Naxos, becoming his principal adviser on political matters. Nasi so relied on his judgment that he was spoken of as the other's right eye. Solomon Senior was the father of Dr. Francisco Coronel (Coronello), who was ostensibly a Catholic; the latter administered the duchy of Naxos for Nasi and defended it when attacked by the Venetian fleet during the War of Cyprus (1571). (The Virtual Jewish Library)

    19th. Generation
     
    Inigo 'Joao (David)' LOPEZ CORONEL
    14th. Great Grandfather
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    c.1471
    Segovia, Castile, Spain
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Joao 'Abraham' SENIOR
    alias David SENIOR
    Cataline del RIO [? ABULAFIA]

    Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    c.1496
     
     

    unknown
    14th. Great Grandmother
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    est.1475
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    unknown
    unknown
     

    Children:
    13GGF/U
     

    18th. Generation
     
    Francisco 'Inigo' CORONEL
    13th. Great Grandfather
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    c.1497
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Inigo 'Joao (David)' LOPEZ CORONEL
    unknown

    Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    c.1522
     
     

    unknown
    13th. Great Grandmother
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    est.1501
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    unknown
    unknown
     

    Children:
    12GGF/U
     

    17th. Generation
     
    Antonio 'Francisco' CORONEL
    12th. Great Grandfather
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    c.1523
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Francisco 'Inigo' CORONEL
    unknown

    Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    c.1548
     
     

    Isabel DIAS
    12th. Great Grandmother
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    est.1527
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    unknown DIAS
    unknown
     

    Children:
    11GGF/U/A
     

    16th. Generation
     
    Heitor 'Antonio CORONEL
    11th. Great Grandfather
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    c.1549
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Antonio 'Francisco' CORONEL
    Isabel DIAS

    Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    c.1574
     
     

    unknown SARAYVA [? de MENDONÇA]
    11th. Great Grandmother
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    est.1553
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    unknown SARAYVA
    unknown
     

    Children:
    10GGF/U/A
      1. Duarte (David) 'Heitor 'Antonio' SENIOR SARAYVAmarried
        1. Britta (Britis) RODRIGUES
        2. Maria 'Pedro' NUNES de SAA
        3. Antonia HENRIQUES

      2. Antonio 'Heitor' SARAYVA CORONEL (de MENDOÇA) married
        • Esther 'Joao' RAMIREZ

      3. Semiao 'Heitor' CORONEL married
        • unknown de CAMPO

      4. Heitor 'Heitor' CORONEL

      5. Manuel 'Heitor' SARAYVA de MENDONÇA married
        • unknown
     

    15th. Generation
     
    Duarte 'Heitor' SARAYVA alias David SENIOR SARAYVA
    10th. Great Grandfather
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    c.1579
    Marante,Portugal
    1650/1
    Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
     
     
     
     
    Heitor 'Antonio CORONEL
    unknown SARAYVA [? de MENDONÇA]

    1st. Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    c.1574
     
     

    1. Britta (Britis) RODRIGUES
     
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    est.1579
     
    before 1598
     
     
     
     
     
    unknown RODRIGUES
    unknown
     

    There was no recorded issue from this marriage.

    2nd. Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    15 Aug 1598
    Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands

    Marriage Notice (TiM 665- 44)
    Marriage Notice (TiM 665- 44 A)

    1. Maria 'Pedro - Francisco' NUNES de SAA
    10th. Great Grandmother
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    1579
    Santa Porto, Portugal
     
     
     
     
     
     
    Pedro 'Francisco' (LOPES) HOMEM
    Branca (Maria) NUNES [? de SAA]
     

    Children:
    9GGF/U
      1. son 'Duarte' SENIOR SARAYVA married
        • unknown

      2. Isaac 'Duarte' SENIOR SARAYVAmarried
        • Sarah 'Joshua (Thomas)' SARFATY PINA

      3. David 'Duarte' SENIOR SARAYVA married
        • Esther RODRIGUES PORTALEGRE

      4. Antonio 'Duarte' SENIOR SARAYVA
          Born: 1612
          Died: 1694 Barbados
         
      5. Solomon 'Duarte' SARFATY PINA SARAYVA alias Salomon SARFATI, son of Duarte SARAIVA alias Salomon PINA
          Born: c.1599/1619

        Joseph SENIOR parentage unconfirmed
          Born:
     

    Marriage Notice:


    1st. Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    after 1636
     
     

    1. Antonia HENRIQUES
     
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
    unknown HENRIQUES
    unknown
     

    There was no recorded issue from this marriage.

    14th. Generation
     
    Isaac 'Duarte' SENIOR SARAYVAalias Isaac SENIOR CORONEL
    alias Isak SENIOR son of Duarte SARAIVA alias Pedro HOMEM CORONEL (the name of his maternal grandfather)
    9th. Great Grandfather
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    1602
     
    Oct 1664
    Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
    10 Cheshvam 5425 (29 Oct 1664)
    Beth Haim Cemetery, Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, Amsterdam
     
     
    Duarte 'Heitor' SARAYVA
    alias David SENIOR SARAYVA
    Maria 'Pedro - Francisco' NUNES de SAA

    Burial Record #24085

    Marriage:
    Date of marriage:
    Place of marriage:
    1624
    Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands

    Marriage Notice (TiM 669-231)

    Sarah 'Joshua (Thomas)' SARFATY PINA
    9th. Great Grandmother
    Date of birth:
    Place of birth:
    Date of death:
    Place of death:
    Date of burial:
    Place of burial:
    Inscription:
    Occupation:
    Father:
    Mother:
    1604
     
    Feb 1676
    Amsterdam, North Holland, Netherlands
    24 Sh'vat 5436 (08 Feb 1676)
    Beth Haim Cemetery, Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, Amsterdam
    mulher que foi do H. Ishac Senior Coronel
     
    Thomas NUNES PINA alias Joshua SARFATY (PINA)
    unknown

    Burial Record #24272

    Children:
    8GGF/U/A
     

    Marriage Notice:


    Next Generation


    To be continued ...................



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