The Lewis Family Tree Project


SPELLING VARIATIONS

  • One of the difficulties in tracing individuals in an index is due to the variations in the spelling of names.
    Where the spellings follow or are close to each other as in the Gobits and Gompers groups it is a little easier.
    However, in the Chazzan group, the names are far apart in the listings even though they are pronounced in the same way (or should be). The "Ch" of Chazzan in Hebrew or Yiddish is gutteral. Those who were unable to reproduce this sound pronounced it Hazan and so wrote it that way. In Dutch the "G" of Gazan is similarly gutteral.
  • I have not always recorded the names in the same way; the Gompers group include the spelling variations while the Meljado family are all spelled the same.
  • My records generally use the spelling of names in bold type face. There is no particular reason for this; either it was the first spelling that I recorded or most common usage or I followed the spellings in "Trouwen in Mokum" or it was just a whim (no not a Wim).

SURNAMES

[A]
ALVARES=ALVAREZ
[B]
BRANDON=BRANDAO
[C]
CABELJAUW see KABELJOUW
CHAZZAN=cantor (Heb)=HAZAN=GAZAN=CHAZAN
COHEN=priest (Heb)=CAHEN (Fr)=COEN=COWEN=KAHN=KAHAN=KOEN
COOPMAN = KOOPMAN= merchant (Dutch)
CREDO see QUERIDO
[D]
[E]
[F]
[G]
GAZAN see CHAZZAN
GOBES=GOBAS=GOBETH=GOBETS=GOBETZ=GOBITS=GOBITZ
GOMPER=GOMPERS=GOMPERT=GOMPERTS=GOMPERTZ=GOMPERZ
[H]
HAZAN see CHAZZAN
HENRIQUES=HENRIQUEZ
[I]
[J]
JULIAN=JULIAO
[K]
KABELJOUW=KABBELJOUW=KABELJAU=CABELJAUW
[L]
LOCHEM=LOGGEM
[M]
MELJADO=MILJADO=MILHADO
MENDOZA=MENDOCA=MENDOSA
MOLCHO=MOLGO
[N]
NEBBIG=NEBIG
NUNES=NUNEZ
[O]
OHEB=OHEV=love (Heb)=OEB
[P]
PEREIRA=pear tree (Sp)=PAREIRA
PROVENCAL=from Provence, France=PROVENSAL
[Q]
QUERIDO=dear (Sp)=CREDO
[R]
RODRIGUES=RODRIGUEZ
[S]
SANTEN=(from Xanten, Germany)=SANTE=ZANTE=ZANTEN
SARFATY=from France (Heb)=SARFATI=SARFATIJ=SARPHATI=SARPHATIJ=SERFATY
SOESAN=SUSAN
[T]
[U]
[V]
VIEIJRA=VIERA=VIERRA=VIEYRA
VIGEVANO=VIJEVANO=from Vigevano in Lombardy, Italy
VISCHKOPER=fishmonger (Dutch)=VISCHKOOPER=VISKOPER=VISKOOPER
[W]
[X]
[Y]
[Z]

GIVEN NAMES

Abigail אביגיל= Avigail (Heb)= Abigael
Aaron אהרון=Aharon (Heb)= Aron = Arend
Abraham=Avraham (Heb) אברהם=Abram=Avram=Avi=Abe=Bram=Brom
Alexander (E C) = Alex=Alec=Sander=Sender
Arieh(Heb) אריה= Arie (E C) = Leib (Y) pron. Layb or Laybel = Lion=Leon (C)
Benjamin=Binyamin (Heb) בנימין=Ben=Benny=Benjy
Calman= Kalman
Deborah D'vorah (Heb) דבורה = Debora = Debbie (d)
Eliezer [Heb] אליעזר= Eliezer (E) = Eliaser=Eliazer (C) = Leizer=Lazer=Lozer (Y) = Eli (d) Leendert (Dutch)
Elizabeth = Elisabeth = Elishevah [Heb]
Emanuel =Imanuel = Immanuel = Manuel
Esther [Heb] pron. Estair = Ester = Hester= Essie, Hessie, Esje, Hesje (d)
Hannah [Heb] = Chana=Channa=Channah=Hana=Hanna=Ann=Anne=Annie Anna = Naatje (d)
Isaac=Yitzchak (Heb) יצחק=Yitzhac=Ysac=Izac=Itzik=Ike
Jacob=Ya'akov (Heb) יעקוב=Jake=Jack=James=Jacques=Coby
Joshua = Josua = Jeosua = Yehoshua(h) [Heb]
JudahYehudah [Heb] =Juda (C) = Yudkeh (Y)
Judith (E)= Judic (C)= Judik (C) = Yehudit(h) [Heb]=Judi=Judy
Lea (pron Lee)
Leah=Lea=Lia
Levie [Heb] E C) = Levy (E C) = Leib (Y) = Levi = Levij
Louis=Lewis
Marcus (C) = Markus = Marc=Mark (E)= Mordechai [Heb] E)
Moses=Moshe [Heb] = Mozes (C) = Moishe/Moises (Y)
Mordechai [Heb] = Motti (d) = Marcus (C)
Michael [Heb] מיכאל pron. Mi-chai-el = Michael (E) pron. My-call = Michiel (C) = Machiel (C)
Rachel (Heb) רחל=Rahel
Rebecca (Heb) רבקה=Rivkah (Heb)=Ribca=Becca=Becky
Reina = Reintje = Malka = Queenie
Reuben=Reuven (Heb)=Ruben=Ruby
Samuel שמואל=Shmuel (Heb)=Sam=Sammy
Sara (M) pron. Saara
Sarah (Heb) שרה=Sara (Heb)=Sera=Serah=Saartje
Solomon (Heb)=Shlomo (Heb)=Salomon=Salman=Zalman=Zelig (Y)=Sol, Sollie (d)= Sal, Salli, Sallij, Sally (d) =

SOURCES
C = Continental
E = English
Heb = Hebrew transliteration
Y = Yiddish
M = Modern English
pron. = pronounced
d = diminutive
(h) = optional letter in transliteration

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